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Liquid Crystals and their Application
Russian Journal

Zhidkie kristally i ikh prakticheskoe ispol'zovanie

Жидкие кристаллы и их практическое использование

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Zhidk. krist. ikh prakt. ispol'z. = Liq. Cryst. and their Appl., 2012, 2, 44—50.

Mesomorphism of Amphiphilic Meso-Arylporphyrins and Their Metal Complexes

K. A. Formirovsky1, K. A. Zhdanova1, N. A. Bragina1, A. F. Mironov1, V. V. Bykova2, G. A. Anan'eva2, N. V. Usol'tseva2

Author affiliations
1Lomonosov Moscow State University of Fine Chemical Technology
119571 Moscow, prospect Vernadskogo, 86. Russia
2Ivanovo State University, Nanomaterials Research Institute
153025 Ivanovo, Ermak Str., 39. 

26 symmetrical meso-arylporphyrines containing phenyl rings with long alkyl substituents ending with polar groups have been synthesized. Mesomorphic properties of these compounds and their complexes with cobalt, nickel, copper and zinc were investigated. The method of optical polarization microscopy revealed that only two compounds: CoP-(CH2)5-COOMe and NiP-O(CH2)5COOMe exhibited enantiotropic thermotropic mesomorphism, while two other complexes: P-O(CH2)10COOH and ZnP-O(CH2)10COOMe showed mesomorphism monotropically. For three compounds: P-O(CH2)5COOMe, P-O(CH2)10COOMe and CuP-O(CH2)10COOMe mesomorphic properties were induced enantiotropically in the charge-transfer complexes with TAPA or TNF electron acceptors. Seven compounds showed lyotropic mesomorphism in binary systems with organic solvents (chloroform, DMF, DMSO). It was found that the ability to form mesophases in the series of the synthesized amphiphilic meso-arylporphyrines is significantly lower than that of previously studied cationic analogues.

Keywords: mesomorphism, meso-arylporphyrines, metal complexes

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