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Zhidk. krist. ikh prakt. ispol'z. = Liq. Cryst. and their Appl., 2012, 4, 7—19.
Pierre-Gilles de Gennes and Physics of Liquid Crystals
A. A. Sonin
Author affiliations Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering (MAMI), Department of physics
107023, Moscow, Bolshaya Semenovskaya str., 38. E-mail: email@example.com
Russian State University for the Humanities
Institute for Information Sciences and Security Technologies (IISST)
Miusskaya sq, 6, Moscow, GSP-3, 125993, Russia
Abstract A biographical essay of the famous French physicist-theoretician, Nobel Prize winner, Pierre-Gilles de Gennes is given in this article. The history of creation by this scientist of the group for investigation of liquid crystals at the University of Orsay is described, and the analysis of de Gennes’ impact on the physics of these substances is given.
Keywords: Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, liquid crystals, Orsay group on liquid crystals, order parameter, phase transitions, local Freedericksz transition