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Liquid Crystals and their Application
Russian Journal

Zhidkie kristally i ikh prakticheskoe ispol'zovanie

Жидкие кристаллы и их практическое использование

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Rus Eng


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Zhidk. krist. ikh prakt. ispol'z. = Liq. Cryst. and their Appl., 2012, 4, 7—19.

Pierre-Gilles de Gennes and Physics of Liquid Crystals

A. A. Sonin

Author affiliations
Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering (MAMI), Department of physics
107023, Moscow, Bolshaya Semenovskaya str., 38. 
Russian State University for the Humanities Institute for Information Sciences and Security Technologies (IISST)
Miusskaya sq, 6, Moscow, GSP-3, 125993, Russia

A biographical essay of the famous French physicist-theoretician, Nobel Prize winner, Pierre-Gilles de Gennes is given in this article. The history of creation by this scientist of the group for investigation of liquid crystals at the University of Orsay is described, and the analysis of de Gennes’ impact on the physics of these substances is given.

Keywords: Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, liquid crystals, Orsay group on liquid crystals, order parameter, phase transitions, local Freedericksz transition

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